Custom Reports Using Eguile
- 1 What is eguile?
- 2 How to install an eguile report
- 3 How to create an eguile report
- 4 Available Reports
- 5 Proposed Reports
What is eguile?
eguile is a way of processing a template file to create a guile script.
More specifically, within GnuCash, guile is used to combine HTML and guile code to create a report, such as an invoice or balance sheet.
The GnuCash version of eguile is eguile-gnc.scm, written in early 2009 by Chris Dennis, and based on Neale Pickett's eguile.scm.
<h3><?scm:d coyname ?></h3> <h2><?scm:d reportname ?> as at <?scm:d (gnc-print-date opt-date-tp) ?></h2>
(display "<h3>")(display "Acme Tools Ltd.")(display "</h3> <h2>)(display "Balance Sheet")(display " as at ") (display "05/04/2009")(display "<h2">)
which is then evaluated as guile code to create the text of the report.
How to install an eguile report
To try out eguile-based reports, you first need to download eguile-gnc.scm and put it into the report folder. On my system -- Ubuntu -- that's /usr/share/gnucash/guile-modules/gnucash/report/eguile-gnc.scm. In general, it should go into the same folder as files such as fancy-invoice.scm.
- GnuCash >=2.3 already includes eguile-gnc.scm.
Install the report and its associated files in the usual way (see Custom Reports#Loading the Report for a full explanation).
Your report should start with a define-module statement like
(define-module (gnucash report my-report-name)) and have a unique name (GnuCash 2.2.x and before)/a unique id (GnuCash 2.3.x and later).
If .gnucash/config.user does not already exist, just create it and add the new line.
For example, on a Linux system, for a user called 'chris', the Tax Invoice report can be installed by:
- Downloading taxinvoice.scm and taxinvoice.eguile.scm, and putting them into the /home/chris/.gnucash/ folder.
- Adding this line to /home/chris/.gnucash/config.user:
Restart GnuCash, and the report should then show up somewhere in the reports menu, depending on the menu-path option in the report. The Tax Invoice and Balance Sheet reports (see below) put themselves into the Reports/Business sub-menu.
How to create an eguile report
Within what is otherwise an HTML source file, Guile/Scheme code is wrapped in '<?scm ... ?>' (whitespace is required after '<?scm' and before '?>')
'<?scm ... ?>' pairs can NOT be nested.
The optional :d modifier (i.e. '<?scm:d' ) is just a shortcut for '(display ... )', so '<?scm:d x ?>' is the same as '<?scm (display x) ?>'
Note that s-expressions can be spread across more than one '<?scm ... ?>',for example:
<?scm (if (> x 3) (begin ?>Bigger<?scm ) (begin ?>Smaller<?scm )) ?>
Each chunk of text outside a '<?scm ... ?>' pair ends up wrapped in a (display ... ), after having had double quotes etc. escaped.
The processing happens in two passes. Initially the input file is converted to a Guile script, and then that script is evaluated to produce the final result (as a string which is passed back to the report-displaying part of GnuCash).For example, if the input file contained these lines:
<h1 align="center">Invoice <?scm:d invoiceid ?></h1> <?scm (for entry in entries do ?> <p>Date: <?scm:d (entry date) ?>, description: <?scm:d (entry desc) ?> <?scm ) ?>
(display "<h1 align=\"center\">Invoice ")(display invoiceid)(display "</h1>") (for entry in entries do (display "<p>Date: ")(display (entry date)) (display ", description: ")(display (entry desc)) )
<h1 align="center">Invoice 002345</h1> <p>Date: 04/03/2009, description: Widgets <p>Date: 05/03/2009, description: Modified widgets
Custom for-loop syntax
To simply looping over a list or map (which by default is a bit cumbersome in scheme), GnuCash defines a custom for-loop syntax, which works similar to for loops in some imperative languages. There are three forms of this syntax: For a single list, for multiple lists and for hashes. This for loop syntax should be available in all eguile-based reports (both in the report itself as well as in the eguile templates). This syntax is defined in eguile-utilities.scm, so it might be available in other parts of scheme as well.
(for <var> in <list> do <expr> ...)
This syntax loops over <list>, assigning each value to <var> in turn and evaluating all <expr>'s. In other words, it takes the first element of <list>, assigns it to , evaluates each <expr>, takes the second element of <list>, etc.Consider the following example:
(for entry in (gncInvoiceGetEntries invoice) do (displayEntry entry))
This example would evaluate the "displayEntry" function for each entry in a given invoice.
(for (<var> ...) in (<list> ...) do <expr> ...)
This syntax loops over all <list>'s in parallel, assigning each value to the corresponding and evaluates all <expr>'s. In other words, it takes the first element of the first <list>, assigns it to the first , takes the first element of the second <list>, assigns it to the second , up to the last <list> and . Then it evaluates each <expr> and starts over with the second element of each list, etc.Consider the following example:
(let ((descriptions (list "Company name" "Address" "Website")) (values (list "Example Corp" "Example street 1" "http://example.org"))) (for (desc val) in (descriptions values) do (display desc) (display ": ") (display val) (display "<br/>\n")))
Website: http://example.org<br/> Company name: Example Corp<br/> Address: Example street 1<br/>
Hashes (removed in Gnucash 3.7)
(for <key> => <value> in <hash> do <expr> ...)
This syntax loops over all keys and values in a hash, assiging each key to <key> and each value to <value> in turn and evaluating all <expr>'s. Note that as always with hashes, the keys from the hash are looped in arbitrary order.Consider the following example:
(let ((company (make-hash-table 16))) (hash-set! company "Company name" "Example Corp") (hash-set! company "Address" "Example street 1") (hash-set! company "Website" "http://example.org") (for desc => val in company do (display desc) (display ": ") (display val) (display "<br/>\n")))
This example would output exactly the same as the previous example.This syntax was removed in Gnucash 3.7 (in this commit). Instead, you can use the scheme built-in hash-for-each, e.g.:
(hash-for-each (lambda (desc val) ( (display desc) (display ": ") (display val) (display "<br/>\n") )) company)
...the rest of this page will be here very soon
Always use _ rather than N_ in the template file. N_ can be used for report option names, help text, and default values.
More precise N_ means NOP, no operation. It can be used to mark strings for translation e.g. in array declarations, but doesn't translate them. Then later the translation is called with _. More Details in Translation#Tips for Developers.
The following eguile-based reports are available. More will be contributed soon (hopefully).
|Last update:||June 2018|
- Included in the GnuCash source tree
- Includes full company and customer details, including a company logo if required.
- Automatically includes only relevant columns. For example, if none of the items on the invoice have discounts applied, then the discount columns will be omitted.
- No known issues
|Last update:||June 2018|
- This report has been included in GnuCash.
- Displays the balance sheet in a 'text book' style with rules under columns etc.
- Uses the 'Assets = Equity + Liabilities' model. If there is demand for an 'Assets - Liabilities = Equity' version, then that could be done as a separate report, or by adding an option and some extra code to this one.
- One- or two-column layout.
- Negative values can be shown as, for example, '-£100.00' or '(£100.00)'.
- Deliberately has fewer options than the standard balance sheet. It makes 'intelligent' decisions about what to display. For example, parent accounts that are marked as placeholders and have a zero balance do not have their balance shown at all.
- Handles commodities/currencies in a basic way -- exchange rates are calculated as at the date of the balance sheet.
- A balancing entry (labelled 'Retained Earnings' by default) is calculated so that the sheet always balances.
- Only displays Imbalance and Orphan accounts if non-zero.
- Does not have a account selection option -- I don't see why you would want a balance sheet with some accounts missing.
- Does not deal with unrealised gains/losses.
- Option to put the currency symbol at the top of each column, rather than on every value.
- Option to put "Less: " in front of negative accounts, e.g.
Less: Drawings (£1000.00)
- No known issues.
Cash Based Income Statement
Because of the importance and impacts this discussion moved to Cash Based Accounting.