He/התקנת כלי בניה

From GnuCash
Jump to: navigation, search
שפות Deutsch English Español Français עִברִית Português

כלי בניה עבור גנוקאש

כלי התוכנה העיקריים המשמשים בבניית גנוקאש מקוד המקור, מתוארים בעמוד המקושר כל בניה. רוב הפצות לינוקס מגיעות עם כלי לנהול תכנה בעל ממשק חזותי, בו ניתן להשתמש גם להתקנת תכנה חדשה. לכן, ניתן להשתמש במנהל התכנה להתקנת הכלים שיידונו להלן כחלופה לשימוש במסוף ובפקודות השורה המפורטות להלן. שמות החבילות הנדרשות בדרך כלל יהיו זהים לשמות המופיעים כאן.


Your distribution software repository may have a build-essential package which installs the common tools for building software on Linux. It will typically install the following tools (these also may vary, particularly the versions, depending upon the distribution version):

  • dpkg-dev Debian package development tools
  • g++ GNU C++ compiler;
  • gcc GNU C compiler;
  • libc6-dev or libc dev GNU C EmbeddedLibrary: Development Libraries and Header Files;
  • libc-dev Embedded GNU C Library: Development Libraries and Header Files;
  • libc6-dev-sparc64 Embedded GNU C Library: 64bit Development Libraries for UltraSPARC;
  • lic6.1-dev or libc-dev Embedded GNU C Library: Development Libraries and Header Files;
  • make utility for controlling compilation linking and installation;

You may install this using the following command in a shell:

sudo apt install build-essential

or your distribution sofware manager may be used to install this package.

GnuCash 3.x requires a C++ compiler that supports ISO-standards C11 and C++11.
Gcc version >=4.8 and Clang version >= 3.3 are known to work.
For GnuCash 4.x (i.e. current master branch) we expect to require C++14 and may require C++17 compatibility.

gcc --version

to check your installed compiler meets these requirements.

make utility

make is usually installed by default on most Linux distributions. If not type the following in a shell:

sudo apt install make


sudo apt install cmake


You may wish to use the Ninja build system instead of make for building GnuCash. ninja is generally named ninja-build to avoid confusion with other programs which may use the same name. To install:

sudo apt install ninja-build

הוצא משימוש

Some tools are in the state of replacement by better tools.


They can still (Gnucash 4.x) be used in Gnucash-Docs, but we suggest to use #CMake there, too.

  • autoconf
  • automake
  • autoheader
  • libtool
  • m4

are normally already be installed on most Linux systems. Typing the program/command name with the version option switch in a shell will enable you to check whether these are installed on your system. E.g.

autoconf --version

If not installed, you should be able to install using your distributions software management utility or by typing the following commands in a shell to install:

sudo apt install autoconf      # loads autoscan, autoconf and associated macros
sudo apt install automake
sudo apt install libtool
sudo apt install m4